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Size of frogs for safety and breeding
#1

Question: At what age or size should pumilio be kept separate for safety and/or best breeding results

Well, it’s always hard to give EXACT ages, sizes ect, so this answer will be ‘ballpark’ like so many things in this hobby. These animals live and grow at different rates, and what is a big 3-month-old Colon for one person, may seem like a really small frog for someone else. That’s why I really don’t like to quote ages. Now SIZE is a little more useful to qualify.

Newly morphed pumilio inhabit the bottom of the enclosure almost always. They forage in the leaf little and stay on the bottom. The top region of the tank is the domain of the breeding male and female. When the froglets get to be sub adult, the breeding pair may aggressively herd them, possibly physically, to the bottom or even force them to hide under the leaf litter or behind cork or wood features ect. This is why you must separate the young froglets sooner than later. Adults may stress them out and cause them to not feed or have access to humidity gradients and they often die.
Sub adult frogs are almost as big as breeders. They can be introduced to a lone breeder adult. I always caution throwing a ‘third wheel’ into the mix as there is often female on female aggression.

Never put two males together even if the tank is large. Why? There is no need to subject them to stress.
Sometimes a 3rd or even 4th female is ok, and adds to the tadpole raising communally, but this is a lot harder and rare than people imagine. If you already have a good ‘factory’ going with a 1.1 I would almost NEVER chance it by changing thing and adding another female. If it ain’t broke….
So to recap – 1.1 is best, like 90% of ALL dart frog hobby animals. It just is safer and best.

Back to size again. Obviously, you want similar sized animals, but again, if it is just 2 pumilio, then a little larger or smaller is ok….as long as it’s never to males.
There is NO tips or tricks to get the frogs to breed quicker or better – there is NOT. Frogs are like people -sometimes bam…. other times 2 years later, nothing. Nothing can predict this. If you don’t have patience, then this may not be a good hobby for you. Want to know how long I am waiting for a couple different pairs of obligates to breed? Going over two years now! HA. Stick with it and enjoy the hobby and do not get so caught up in the Breed Breed Breed aspect.

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